Almanya’nın güneyinde modern insanların yerleşimine dair kalıntıların bulunduğu yerde kuş kemiklerinden ve mamut dişlerinden yapılan flütler bulundu.

Bilim adamları karbon tarih saptama yöntemi ile flütlerin 42,000 ve 43,000 arası döneme ait olduğunu tespit etti.

Araştırmanın bulguları İnsan Evrimi dergisinde yayınlandı.

Daha önce Tubingen Üniversitesi’nden Prof Nick Conard 2009 yılında en eski müzik aletini bulmuştu. Conard, yeni araştırmanın sonuçlarının kendi önermeleriyle uyumlu olduğunu ve Tuna nehrinin 40,000-45,000 seneleri arasında insanların ve teknolojik icatların Avrupa’nın merkezine doğru hareketliliğinde kilit bir rolü olduğunu söyledi.Oxford Üniversitesi’nden Prof. Tom Higham’ın yönetimindeki ekip, Geissenkloesterle mağarasında flütlerin bulunduğu katmandaki hayvan kemiklerinin hangi döneme ait olduğu üzerine bir çalışma yaptı.

“Geissenkloesterle bölgede takıların, figüratif sanatın, mitlerin ve müzik aletlerinin örneklerini barındıran sayılı mağaralardan biri”.

Araştırmacılara göre, mağaradaki kalıntılar, modern insanların Tuna nehrinin üst kısımlarına aşırı soğuklardan önce, yani 39,000-40,000 yılları arasında gelmiş olabileceğini gösteriyor.

Uzmanlara göre müzik aletleri eğlence ya da dini ritüeller için kullanılmış olabilir.

Bazı uzmanlar müziğin insanların 30,000 yıl önce Avrupa’da soyları tükenen Neandertallerden ayıran bir etken olduğunu düşünüyor.

Müzik, daha muhafazakar olan Neandertallere karşı insanların daha geniş toplumsal gruplar oluşturarak yayılmalarını sağlamış olabilir.


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